Vehicles hold a vast amount of data that can be used to uncover critical information during an investigation and help determine what happened, where it occurred, and who was involved.
Vehicle systems are constantly collecting performance metrics, monitoring sensor data, scanning external environmental conditions, processing telemetry data, and communicating with other vehicles and infrastructure.
Data is stored by vehicle systems as it is collected and processed. The information contained in those repositories is critical evidence that is extremely valuable during an investigation. High level categories include;
Access event logs associated with activity such as door opens, gear shifts, odometer reads, ignition cycles, speed logs, and more.
Recover location data and navigation information such as track logs, saved locations, active routes and previous destinations.
Identify devices that have been connected via the USB ports, over Bluetooth or wireless network and all of the data associated with those devices.
In-car entertainment (ICE), or in-vehicle infotainment (IVI), is a collection of hardware and software in automobiles that provides audio or video entertainment. In car entertainment originated with car audio systems that consisted of radios and cassette or CD players, and now includes automotive navigation systems, video players, USB and Bluetooth connectivity, Carputers, in-car internet, and WiFi. Once controlled by simple dashboards knobs and dials, ICE systems can include steering wheel audio controls and handsfree voice control.
Driven by the demand for more connected vehicles, in-car entertainment is getting more and more sophisticated. Car makers, electronics and software suppliers, as well as newcomers from the Silicon Valley (such as Google and Apple), work together and also compete to come up with infotainment systems that are user-friendly and safe to use. ICE systems are increasingly commonplace with newer vehicle models and several auto makers have developed their own systems: Ford with SYNC and MyFord Touch, Toyota with Entune, Cadillac with CUE (Cadillac User Experience), FCA with Uconnect, etc.
Telematics is an interdisciplinary field that encompasses telecommunications, vehicular technologies, for instance, road transportation, road safety, electrical engineering (sensors, instrumentation, wireless communications, etc.), and computer science (multimedia, Internet, etc.). Telematics can involve any of the following: